Khujand (Tajik: Хуҷанд, Uzbek: Хўжанд, Xoʻjand; Russian:
Худжанд Khudzhand), formerly Khodjend or Khodzhent until
1936 and Leninabad (Leninobod, Ленинобод) until 1991, is the
second-largest city of Tajikistan. It is situated on the Syr Darya
River at the mouth of the Fergana Valley. The population of the city is
149,000 (2000 census), down from 160,000 in 1989. It is also the capital of the
northernmost province of Tajikistan, now called Sughd.