Azerbaijan is one of the great handicraft centers of Iran. Several
handicrafts like carpet, Glim, Varni, Shawl, Clay dishes, Ceramic,
Leather shoemaking are producing in this province. As most featured ones
can be named as carpet weaving, wooden arts (Khatam, moarragh …)
traditional hand weaving (woolen and silk jajim), traditional printing,
glass art, metal art and …
to major sources, in 3rd century AD, Azerbaijan especially Tabriz was
the largest center of carpet weaving, mainly in Seljuq and Ilkhanid
kingdom, it was common. Based on miniature painting of Khamse Nezami
manufacture, Ghasem Ali’s works, and some other works which shows carpet
design and weaving method, it is understood that carpet weaving
evoluted in period of Safavid and Timurid dynasty. At that time, figure
of animals, prayer rug, floral, bergamot especially Shah Abbas Figure
got prevalent. Color variety, using silk improved quality, beauty and
elegance of carpets. Still sample of them are exhibited in most museums
all over the world.
Carpet weaving art is saved with Azerbaijan
carpet weavers and businessmen’s ambition. Nowadays it is popular in
major cities and villages; in addition it is significant handcraft of
Carpet production is more important and from exporting
point of view it is placed in high level. That is why this industry is
prevalent in most rural areas as single weaving and as manufactory form
in big cities.
Annually carpets in various design and colors are presented to inner and outer shops.
of the most prominent handcrafts of Azerbaijan nomads is sort of Kilim
which has solitary side like carpet has no lint shaped and is formed by
passing wool strings around the wrap and twist wrap yarn, called
varnished. It is kind of mat as simple and light as Kilim. Also it is as
beautiful as kilim. Varnished is woven in different types: woolen,
silky and mix of them. Some ties are made of wool and some others are
silk. The bowstrings are made of cotton wrap and appropriate uniform.
The patter that varnished has inspired is that the design comes from
nomad women and girls’ natural habitat. Also regional animal shapes as
lion, wolf, bear, dog, and deer are being seen on them.
KilimKilim is a kind of handcrafts which is popular and fashionable in city life as floor -covering made of silk, wool…
traditional manner wool was colored naturally by means of using
specific plants for that reason and sometimes to have an old view Kilim
got washed by tae or walnut green shell. It is different from carpet in
type of weaving and size. Unlike carpet, kilim has no sketch design. It
is made of sense term. Seldom ever is it found in size of 3*4 and
weaving textiles specially brocade and silk are popular from past
times, in Iran and east Azerbaijan. As matter of fact safavid period got
well-known as Golden Age of Prosperity. At that time silk, golden and
velvet clothes produced sample of which are being kept in Astan Ghods e
Razavi museum and Esfehan museum.
is a well-liked in Tabriz from years ago. Since 20 years ago there were
about 25 active silver manufactories with 100 silver workers. This
unique art is going to perish because of owners approached to another
Clay and CeramicCeramic
productions are made in some workshops in Tabriz and Zonuz. Zonuz
ceramic craftsmen use particular kind of soil. Like zonuz, ceramic
industry in Shabestar has a long period experience and productions are
distributed to all over the country. Recently pottery workshop classes
are hold in caltural heritage traditional art center in east Azerbaijan.
art has been common in Mameghan, located in 50 km destination of west
of Tabriz. In recent years, according to less income, artists got out of
interest. But it got prosperous with cultural art organization. Except
that rayon was replaced by silk.
is widespread among people in Tabriz is taking basket for shopping. So
it caused this art get well-liked. For weaving basket flexible branches
of sour cherry, willow …. In Maraghe and surrounding villages, very
delicate baskets are woven. In some other cities like Marand, Bahram
wheat stems are being used.
is a cloth that is traditionally made using a manual wax- resist dying
technique, which was in used in Indonesia, Thailand, and India. In Iran
it is familiar in Tabriz and Osku by name of Kolagh that is already
In this manner, Wax-resist dying in fabric, as an ancient
art form in which linen was soaked in wax and scratched using a sharp
tool to transfer all designs and colors on silk cloths. An especial
feature is creation of line streaks and color breaks as result of
fractures on cloths.
traditional paintings are like a small world of ever green flowers with
refreshing breeze and dignity humans attract each visitor to Hilarity
and amusement. Since past time, Tabriz has been house of artists and
painters like Bezad. In 928 AH, Behzad and some other artists immigrated
to Tabriz and it got result of creation painting school and revolution
in this manner in Tabriz. School in Tabriz used mostly natural shapes as
clefts, trees and sky. The size of them was a bit larger instead number
was decreased. The organs were in introverted state.
Wood carvingWood carving as an art and crafts in which figures featured in protuberant shape and is mostly done on wood.
Tabriz leather and handmade shoes has a good reputation due to best stitches and delicate shape.