Today
Sunday
2017 September
24
 
 Culture

Nowruz




Nowruz (new day) the first day of Iranian calendar, is an old celebration from ancient time, which is still celebrated in all over Iran, refers to Persian New Year.
Nowruz is the first day of New Year in Iran and Afghanistan also is as holyday in some other countries.
According to Azerbaijan republic suggestion, UN’s general assembly in 2010 approved March 21 as an international day of nowruz with Persian origin which has been celebrated by more than 300 millions of people.  Before that it was registered on the UNESCO list of intangible heritage of humanity. On 27 March 2010 firs international nowruz festival hold in Tehran, capital city of Iran, and this city is nominated as secretariat of Nowruz.


Chaharshanbe Suri







Another Iranian party, hold on a night before last Wednesday of year, is calling Chaharshanbe suri. Suri means feast, a Persian party or ceremony of fire. This traditional festival that rooted back to Zoroastrianism is celebration of light (good) winning over the darkness (bad). People set a fire from early in night till sun rise in morning and jump over it and sing a song: “Zardi- ye man az (ane) to, sorkhi-ye to az (ane) man, by means of “my yellowness for you (fire), and your redness for me”. In other words my paleness (sickness) for you (fire), your strength (health) for me. It is a carnival with no religious origin that is celebrated by most people in Iran









Sizdah Bedar




13th day of New Year festival is named Sizdah bedar. Sizdah Bedar is a holyday and nature day in Persian calendar. Some are believed in going to nature and have picnic to keep bad luck, associated with number 13, away. There is not any historical tale to prove it. This day is the last day of nowruz parties.





Mourning of  Moharam



Mourning of Moharam is an important period of mourning in Shia Islam, taking place in moharam, first month of Islamic calendar. It is also called remembrance of Moharam. As a result of an event, taken place in Karbala in Iraq, Imam Hussein and his congregations were killed in a battle. The mourning is not just belonging to this month. Related to regional cultures, the mourning is hold during the year.
Mourning for imam Hussein ibn Ali and his followers starts since first of Moharam and reaches its climax at Ashura noon (on tenth day). On Ashura day in the evening mourning continues by name of “Shame Ghariban” which is very significant from Shia point of view as participating in it is same as worship, on 12 of Moharam “Sevom”. It goes on 16th as “Haftom amd “,on 20th as” Arbaeen”. Like Shia, setting up this festival is also popular among non-Muslim countries like India, Jamaicahas and chritian people in Iran has especial point of view. Mourning ceremonies are hold spontaneously yearly.